National Health Observance for April – World Immunization Week (April 22-28)

Each year, the last week of April is marked by the World Health Organization (WHO) as World Immunization Week.  The purpose of this week is to promote the use of immunizations to protect people of all ages against disease. The standard definition of “immunization” is the action of making a person or animal immune to infection, and to stimulate the body’s own immune system to protect the person against subsequent disease.  According to WHO, immunizations currently prevent between 2-3 million deaths every year in all age groups, and are recognized as one of the most successful and cost-effective health interventions in the world.  They are an important piece of the puzzle when it comes to overall health and wellness.  However, the WHO also found that only 85% of the world’s children receive their recommended immunizations.

In order to understand the prevalence of immunizations overall, the World Health Organization analyzes the global vaccination coverage each year, which is defined as the proportion of the world’s children who receive recommended vaccines.  The WHO is working extensively to improve the 85% statistic.  The United States may not feel the burden of limited access to vaccinations but it is felt in countries such as Afghanistan, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, and South Africa.  The WHO wants every country to intensify their efforts to ensure that all people have access to lifesaving vaccines.

In recent national news, vaccines have become a frequent topic of conversation – good and bad.  Because of this, the theme for 2019 is Protected Together: Vaccines Work!  The primary goal of World Immunization Week is to raise awareness about the importance of full vaccinations.  For social media purposes, the WHO is using the tagline “#VaccinesWork” in order to further increase awareness and spark a global movement.

2019 Campaign Objectives:

  • Demonstrate the value of vaccines for the health of children, communities and the world.
  • Highlight the need to build on immunization progress while addressing gaps, including through increased investment.
  • Show how routine immunization is the foundation for strong, resilient health systems and universal health coverage.

Information contributed by Kelsey Kempen, a St. Louis University dietetic intern. Kelsey spent time at J.W. Terrill learning about community nutrition and corporate wellness.

Resources

https://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/immunization-coverage

https://www.who.int/news-room/events/detail/2019/04/24/default-calendar/world-immunization-week-2019

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